What is software ? Type , fact and definition

What is software  ?

A computer is really a system of many parts working together. Each components of computer is eighther called hardware or software . They physical parts , which we can see, touch and feel are collectively called hardware . The computer and all the peripheral device such as printer , scanner , microphone , speaker and webcam etc . Connected to it that are used to input and output the data are hardware . Peripheral device are hardware that are connected to the motherboard but no part of the main computer system and were added later to the system.

Software image
What is Software free image 

Also read

The program need a kind of documents that gives comprehensive procedural description of program documention even has a capabilities to sustain any later maintaince or devlopment of program . The program documentation describe what exactly program does by mentioned about the requirements of the input data and effect of the performing ap
 Programing task .
Software , on the other hand , refer to the set of series , of instructions  , that tell hardware what to do . It is the combination of instructions and data  , that forms the building blocks of application such as a word procceser , computer Game or spread sheet . The main propose of software is to the process the data into information . The interface between hardware and software . Combustibility , in regards to computer .

Image for software
Image for software 



The person who write and test of computer is called a programmer and a person's who determine buyer need and match it to the correct hardware and software is called a computer sales representative . The process of writing out of computer instructions is known as coding . Copying computer program documentation . The most common example would be instructions manual for a software product  , which is given to the end user . The description language used are informal and are intended to make life easy for the end user .

Types of software


Image for type of software
Image for type of software



System software

1 operating system
2 translator
3 DBMS
4 Utility
5 data communication software


Application software 

1 medical software
2 education software
3 business software
4 entertainment software


System software : the user interact primarily with application software. System software enable the application software to interact with the computer hardware . System software is background software that help computer to manage it's internal resources . It is a not single program . Rather it is a collection of programme , including the operating systems , utiloes and devices driver etc. System software includes the operating system and all the utilities that enables computer to function . It refer to the files and program that make up our computer operating system . System file included libraries of function , system service  , driver for printer and other hardware , system preference and other configured files . The program that are part of the system software include assemblrs , compilers , loaders , linkers , file management tool , system utilizes and debugger . The system software installed in computer when we installed operating systems since system software run at the most basic level of computer is called " low level " software . It's refer to operating system to inertact with the computer
.

Image for system software
Image for system software



While device like keyboard , mouse and touch screen make up the hardware end of this task , the user interface , where a visual interface make up the software for it . The two most  common forms of a user interface are the command - line interface where computer command are type line -by-line  and the graphical user interface where a visual interface , where a visual environment ( such as window , button and icon)  is present .


Operating system : the operating system work as a  meditor between hardware application software and user . Operating system are program that's are coordinator computer resources , provide and interface , connecting user with the application software and hardware . Every genral purpose computer have must have an operating system to run other programs . It performs basic task , such as recognize input from the keyboard , sending output the display screen , keeping track of file and directoies on the disk and controlling peripheral device such as disk drives and printers . It control different component of computer and allows user to inertact with computer .

Image for operating systems software
Image for operating system software



For a large system , the operating system has even greater responsible and power . It make sure that different program running at the same time do not interface with each other. Memory management is also responsible for a security , ensuring that unauthorized user do not access the system . It make computer work property . Some most popular operating system are MS DOS , Windows 95 , Windows 98 ,  Windows XP , Windows 2000 , Windows Vista and Mac OS X etc.



Types of operating system

 Operating systems can be classifieds as a method of operating systems and a mode of operating system access . As a computer have progressed and devlopment so have the type of operating systems . Many computer operating systems will fall into more than one categories .


Multi access operating systems : it allows two or more user to run more programme at the computer resources simultaneously . Some operating system permit system must make sure that the requirements of the varios user balanced and that each programme they have using have sufficient and separate resources so that a problem with one user does not affect the entire community of user . Linex , Unix and windows 2000 are example off multi user operating system .


टिप्पणी पोस्ट करें

0 टिप्पणियां